Gorges Dam, the largest water conservancy project ever
under taken by human being is now being built at Sandouping
in the middle of Xiling Gorge, about 45 km from Yichang.
The Three Gorges Dam will be 2,335 meters long, 185
meters high, 18 meters wide on top and 130 meters wide
at the bottom. The Dam will raise the river to a level
of 175 meters above sea level, creating a 600-kilometer
long reservoir with a storage capacity of 39.9 billion
cubic meters extending from the dam-site all the way
to Chongqing. 570,000 acres of farmland and towns and
villages in 19 counties and cities will be flooded,
causing 1.3 million people to be relocated. The construction
of the project will cost 230 billion Chinese Yuan, an
equivalent of 28 billion US dollars. The purposes for
building this huge dam are for flood control, electricity,
navigation and irrigation.
of the dam formally began under way in 1994.The first
stage of the Three Gorges Dam project is scheduled for
completion in 2003, which will make 5 levels of ship
locks from high to low water level. Although the scenery
will change along the Yangtze with the construction
of Three Gorges Dam, new sites and scenery will be created.
For example, a submarine museum will be built to preserve
the inscriptions on the White Crane Ridge, and many
historical sites will be moved to higher ground. After
the dam is completed in 2009, ships will continue cruising
the Yangtze River; passengers will then be passing through
the largest national park in the world, which will be
established upon completion of the dam.