is a stretch of ancient and mystical land. Five thousand
years ago here originated the brilliant Dawenkou Culture,
which reflects the whole course of the transition from
matriarchal society to patriarchal society and the disintegration
of the primitive society. During the Spring and Autumn
Period and the Period of Warring States, Qi-Lu Culture
in the Mt. Tai area is so magnificent that it wins people's
admiration all over the world. Since entering the period
of Qin Dynasty and Han Dynasty, Taishan Mountain has gradually
become a famous mountain where the emperors granted titles
to Buddhists and did their worship until the Ming and
Qing Dynasty, which has lasted for more than a thousand
The city is located
in the middle of Shandong Province, and in the middle section
of the tourist itinerary of Mountains, Rivers and Confucius'
home. Situated on the main artery of transportation of Beijing
- Shanghai Railway, Express way and National Highway, the
traffic of Tai'an City is very convenient, which is also not
far from Qufu, the hometown of Confucius. There are tourist
trains running between Tai'an and Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin,
Jinan and Qingdao.
temple has a history of 2,000 years, although its present
structure was built 1,000 years ago. The temple was the
sacred temple to the gods of Taishan, where emperors offered
official sacrifices to Mt Taishan. The complex covers
an area of more than 96,000 square metres, enclosed in
10 meters high walls. Tiankuangdian (Hall of Heavenly
Blessings) is the main structure in the temple, which
is comparable with Dacheng Hall of Confucius Temple in
Qufu and Taihedian (Hall of Supreme Harmony) in the Forbidden
City. Inside the splendid hall, a huge fresco dating back
to the Song Dynasty records the spectacle of Emperor Zhenzong's
pilgrimage to Mt Taishan. A stone stele from the Qin Dynasty,
which used to be on the summit of Mt Taishan recording
Emperor Qin Shi Huang's pilgrimage to the sacred mountain.
The stele was badly damaged and finally restored in 1983.
The temple also houses a collection of imperial sacrifice
crafts offered to the gods of Mt Taishan.