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A well-known tourist city in west Xinjiang, Kashgar is the place where the tomb of Abakh Khoja, a massive and elegant building created in 1640 in a typical Islamic style, and Atigar, China's largest Islamic mosque built in 500 years ago, as well as the famous Bazaar, which is regarded as the largest market in west part of China connecting with the west Asian countries.
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Id Kah Mosque

Located in the center of the city, this grand Islamic architectural structure makes a stark contrast to many Chinese-style mosques built in the ancient city - Xi'an. This yellow-and-white structure has a central dome and flanking minarets, which usually associated with mosques in Pakistan or Afghanistan. Shakesimirzha, a ruler of Kashgar, had the mosque built here first in1442 and was extended to its present shape through several renovations. As the largest mosque in China, it attracts as many as 10,000 worshippers at prayers especially on Friday afternoon. The different buildings consist of the Hall of Prayer, the Doctrine-Teaching Hall, the huge gate tower, a clear water pond and some auxiliary rooms. On top of the gate stand a tower where the imam would call out loudly at dawn to wake up the Muslims and summon them to attend service. After entering the main hall, the followers would seat themselves facing west both inside and out, in proper lines. The mosque is one of the liveliest places to be during the Korban festivals.

Abakh Khoja's Tomb

Located 5 kilometers northeast of the city of Kashgar, the famed tomb of Abakh Khoja was built in the 17th century, as he was the powerful ruler of Kashgar and was revered as a prophet who was the second only to Mohammed. First built in 1640, all five generations of the family are buried in this tomb site. There were 72 tombs built in this area originally but some were destroyed during a severe earthquake. The first generation buried here was Yusuf Hoja, a celebrated Islam missionary. After he died, his eldest son Apak Hoja died in 1693 and was buried here. Since his reputation was greater than his father, the tomb was later renamed "Abakh Khoja Tomb". The major buildings include the Tomb Hall, Doctrine-Teaching Hall and the Great Hall of Prayer.
The legend that goes among the local people as the tomb known as the Xiang Fei (Fragrant Concubine) Tomb to be in memory of Abakh Khoja's grand-daughter, Iparhan. She was the Fragrant Concubine of the famed Emperor Qianlong of the Qing dynasty and was called Xiangfei because of the delicate fragrance sent forth by her body. Upon her death, around 120 people spent three years carrying her coffin back to Kashgar and buried here. It is the holiest place in Xinjiang and an architectural treasure. During the Korban Festival, many Muslims from all over Xinjiang Autonomous Region will make the pilgrimage to the tomb.

Sunday Bazaar

The Sunday Bazaar in Kashgar has become so famous due to its favorable position and the large scale with tremendous varieties, which has attracted countless merchants from many parts of Asia to Kashgar. It was thus called "the pearl on the Ancient Silk Road". With the stalls dotted here and there, the streets are crowded. At the bazaars, some are comprehensive ones, and some are specialized markets selling local produce, arts and crafts, garments, knives, timber, horse and donkey. Kashgar is well known for its delicate knives sold in the streets and by hawkers in the streets. It is also a hat-making center and certain sections of streets are devoted entirely to the selling of hat and beautiful fur-lined headgear. Blacksmiths' shop line up on each side of the streets, and the sound from them can be heard in the streets. Colorful painted wooden saddles is on sale, and you can pick your dinner from a choice line-up of goat heads and hoofs. The west part of the bazaar is devoted mainly to Uigur and Kyrgyz, while the east is household goods and hardware. Today, although most of the bazaar have disappeared, but we can still find the past glory of this ancient city in the residual bazaars.


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