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Chongqing

Chongqing, the "Mountain City" covering area of 82400 square km and administrates the population of 30 million, is one of China's biggest municipality as well as one of the very large cities in the world; the economic center; the hub of water, land, and air transportation in Southwest China with busy rivers and highways radiating in all directions; and an inland river port with foreign trade in the west of China; an integrated industrial city with balance developed agriculture and reputed wonderful scenery.

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Chongqing is one of the most important historical cities dated back for over 3000 years, and used to be known as Jiangzhou and Bazhou etc., In centuries past, it was a major north-south land route that connected with Western shipping routes to carry precious cargo back to Europe. Today, it retains much of the charm and character of a port city of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It is now the southern end of the famous Yangtze River cruising with tourists from all over the world coming and going by the big riverboats.

People's Assembly Hall

The people's Assembly Hall, located in the center of the city and an architectural symbol of Chongqing, was built in 1951 and designed in the traditional symmetrical and beautifully-proportioned style of Ming and Qing dynasties' palaces, The hall contains a 4000-seat auditorium while on both sides of the hall are the hotel accommodations. There is a huge square in front of the Hall reconstructed in the past few years, which has been the major center for the local people's social activities.




Museum of General Joseph W. Stilwell

General Joseph Warren Stilwell (1883-1946) was the chief commander of US forces in the China-Burma-India Theatre during World War II. In 1942, ranked as a major general, he was dispatched to CBI and was regarded as the best field commander in the entire United States Army. General Stilwell was a true friend of the Chinese people as well as a Chinese linguist. He first came to China on Nov. 23, 1911, not long after the Qing Dynasty was overthrown and paid a visit to Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xiamen and Wuzhou for seventeen days. He came back for asecond time in Aug 1920 as the first language instructor of the US Army in China. Between 1921 and 1922, he worked as Chief Engineer of road construction in Shanxi and Shaanxi province. In 1926, he visited China for a third time and served first as Battalion Commander, then Acting Chief of Staff of the 15th Infantry of the US Army in Tianjin.

 

His fourth visit to China was in Jan 1935. This time, he was named Military Attach¨¦ to the US Legation in China and had interviewed with Zhou Enlai, the representative of the CPC and Madam Song, wife of Chiang Kai-shek. In 1942, the general cameto China for fifth time. He stayed in Chongqing and served as the US Army Commander of the CBI Theatre while supervising the implementation of Lend-Lease in CBI. In early 1942, he led the Chinese troops fighting strenuously against the Japanese invaders in Burma. Between March and June of 1944, the general commanded the Sino-US Army to fight against the Japanese in the north of Burma and they won the battle. Afterwards, Stilwell was promoted to a four-star General. He had made a great contribution to the Chinese people's Anti-Japanese War for much of his life and has been commemorated by Chinese people since then.

 


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